Implementing and Measuring KEMTLS

Abstract

KEMTLS (CCS 2020) is a novel alternative to the Transport Layer Security (TLS) handshake that integrates post-quantum algorithms. It uses a key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) for both confidentiality and authentication, achieving post-quantum security while obviating the need for expensive post-quantum signatures. The original KEMTLS paper presents a security analysis, Rust implementation, and benchmarks over emulated networks. In this work, we provide full Go implementations of KEMTLS and several other post-quantum handshake alternatives, describe our integration into a real distributed system, and provide performance evaluations over real network conditions. We compare the standard (non-quantum-resistant) TLS~1.3 handshake with three alternatives: one that uses post-quantum signatures in combination with a KEM (PQTLS), one fully KEM application (KEMTLS), and a reduced round trip version (KEMTLS-PDK). In addition to the performance evaluations, we discuss how the design of these protocols impacts TLS from an implementation and configuration perspective.

Publication
LATINCRYPT 2021

To Appear at LATINCRYPT 2021

Sofía Celi
Thom Wiggers
Thom Wiggers
PhD candidate at Radboud University

My research interests include (post-quantum) cryptography and protocols

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